When it comes to writing research papers, there are various sections that you need complete. However, you will generally follow a similar sort of pattern as you would with most other academic papers. For example, you will have a beginning, which will usually involve some kind of introduction; you will have a middle, which will involve the body section of your work - and may even be made up of several smaller sections; and you will have the end, which will largely be comprised of the conclusion.
The conclusion of your research paper, like all other academic papers, will try to finalise what you have written by drawing on any information, arguments, or data provided in the earlier sections of your paper. For example, if you are writing your paper based on a persuasive style, then you will most likely have included various arguments throughout the body section of your paper. You will then need to create your conclusion based on the arguments that you have already put forward.
One thing to remember is that your conclusion should only refer to any arguments that you have already made, and should not bring up any additional points that have not been referred to at some point already in your paper. If you do need to bring up any new points, then you should do these at some point during the body section.
Of course, whilst the conclusion may bring your paper to a natural end, there are other sections that you may also include at the end of your paper. These sections may not necessarily be required for every single paper that you write, nor might you consider them to be part of the main piece of work that you create either. For example, you might include an appendix section or a bibliography and, whilst these are important sections, they are more for reference purposes, as opposed to providing you with an area to put forward any new discussions or points.
For example, the appendix section may include material that is best included separately, rather than unnecessarily taken up too much room within the main body section. Equally, you may include a bibliography section, which refers back to any sources used to write the rest of the work.
Essentially, the sections that you will include will, to some extent, be down to personal choice, depending upon what you are writing about and what you want to include within your own paper.
After writing and rewriting your content and polishing your final draft, your work is not quite finished just yet. This is where you add any final touches you had yet to complete that your paper may require. These elements may include a title page, works cited page, and setting margins and page spacing. Your content may need to follow a specific order and this is the best time to ensure your work displays it. For instance, your format may include an abstract, introduction, methods, results, and discussion in this order. Some students may find it easier to incorporate these requirements into their paper as they are writing it instead of waiting until the end.